Unlike Hanukkah and Purim whose authority solely rests on the Pharisees and 'Queen Esther', respectively, without any divine mandate (even though they are mentioned and observed in the Scriptures by Judahites), four minor Judahite observances appear to have been sanctioned by Yahweh on a temporary basis through a bona fide navi (prophet), Zecharaiah, to be celebrated by the House of Judah. These fasts are:
When certain Judeans asked Yahweh, "Should I weep in the fifth month and fast as I have done for so many years?" (Zech.7:3, NKJV) through the navi (prophet) Zechariah, Yahweh answered:
- 1. The Breach in Jerusalem's Walls (4th month) - 2 Ki.25:2-4; Jer.52:5-7;
- 2. The Destruction of the Temple (9th day of the 5th month) - 2 Ki.25:8-9; Jer.52:12-13;
- 3. The Murder of Gelaliah (7th month) - 2 Ki.25:22-26; and
- 4. The Siege of Jerusalem (10th month) - Ezek.33:21 or 2 Ki.25:1; Jer.39:1; 52:4.
Yahweh showed that a real fast to Him would have been accompanied by Torah-obedience and that what was required was truthfulness, judgment, shalom (peace) and a sincere heart. Then, instead of fasting mournfully and looking back into the past, they would be able to exult and rejoice during the festival seasons with the blessings of restoration of true worship and ingathering of others to Yahweh's service (Zech.7:3-7; 8:16,18-19,23)
"When you fasted and mourned ... during those seventy years, did you really fast for Me - for Me?" (Zech.7:5, NKJV).
These festivals were never enjoined on the (northern) House of Israel. Find out in the materials on this sub-site whether or not they have any place in Messianic Israel today.