Sermons Series 3:58c, 2 October 2006
The Third Wave
Part 14: Yom Kippur 2006 Neilah Service
- Without Expectations
Click here for Part 13
"As you enter the Temple, keep your ears open and your mouth shut! Don't be a fool who doesn't even realise it is sinful to make rash promises to Yahweh, for He is in heaven and you are only here on earth, so let your words be few. Just as being too busy gives you nightmares, so being a fool makes you a blabbermouth. So when you talk to Yahweh and vow to Him that you will do something, don't delay in doing it, for Yahweh has no pleasure in fools. Keep your promise to Him. It is far better not to say you'll do something then to say you will and then not do it. In that case, your mouth is making you sin. Don't try to defend yourself (self-justification) by telling the messenger from Yahweh that it was all a mistake [to make the vow]. That would make Yahweh very angry; and He might destroy your prosperity. Dreaming instead of doing is foolishness, and there is ruin in a flood of empty words; fear Yahweh instead" (Eccl.5:1-7, Living Bible).
Brethren and sisters, I welcome you all this evening to this concluding Neilah service of Yom Kippur, also known as Yom haDin, the Day of Judgement. This is regarded as the holiest day of the year by many, and is the only moed where we don't have a feast but fast. Solomon said:
"The day one dies is better than the day he is born! It is better to spend your time at funerals than at festivals (parties). For you are going to die and it is a good thing to think about it while there is still time. Sorrow is better than laughter, for sadness has a refining influence on us. Yes, a wise man thinks much of death, whilst the fool thinks only of having a good time now" (Eccl.7:1b-4, LB).
Today, in our shallow, partying culture, which has even spilled into lawless Christianity, the philosophy is basically "Take life easy; eat, drink and be merry" (Luke 12:19, NIV). Yahweh has a short and sobering message for those who believe and live like this:
"'You fool! This very night your life will be demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself?' This is how it will be with anyone who stores up things for himself but is not rich toward Elohim" (Luke 12:20-21, NIV).
Well, at Yom Kippur this is precisely what Yahweh demands of you. He wants all your self-sovereignty, and especially that which you vowed to give Him last year and have taken back during the course of the year. Left unchecked, the carnal man has a way of taking back what it has deeded to Yahweh, and usually in small, barely noticeable steps.
I have a question for you this evening: why have you come here today? With what expectations have you come to this concluding service of Yom Kippur? What do you want? I'd like you to think about that for a minute as we home in on the real reason for Yom Kippur. I am sure that you will agree with Solomon who said:
"How wonderful to be wise, to understand things, to be able to analyse them and interpret them" (Eccl.8:1, LB)
I know a lot of people who would give a hearty 'Amen!' to that. Analysis and interpretation, at least of certain kinds, are much pursued in this world, particularly in the scientific and political fields. Heavenly wisdom is, of course, a little different because it goes beyond mere analysis and into direct revelation from Yahweh-Elohim. Wisdom includes experiencing a life in Elohim. And indeed, part of Yom Kippur has involved a very careful analysis on the part of each individual of his or her life over the past year as we have all sought to uncover sin, repent and make things right with our Heavenly Father. "Tackle every task that comes along, and if you fear Elohim you can expect His blessing" (Eccl.7:18, LB). We can indeed expect Him to fulfil His promises to us if we do our part - His Word holds, His Word is good. However, Yom Kippur is far more than about analysing and interpreting; it is more than about feeling godly sorrow for wrongs done and mending our ways. It is more than about taking new vows to walk in Yah'shua's footsteps for the next year. It is, as I intimated earlier, about dying - not leaving this world, but of dying to self. It's a pity Solomon did not learn this lesson. Wisdom was very much His gift, for which he was blessed, but he failed to take his own counsel:
"Obey the king as you have vowed to do. Don't always be trying to get out of doing your duty, even when it's unpleasant. For the king punishes those who disobey. The king's command is backed by great power, and no one can withstand it or question it. Those who obey him will not be punished. The wise man will find a time and a way to do what He says. Yes, there is a time and a way for everything, though man's trouble lies heavy upon him; for how can he avoid what he doesn't know is going to happen?" (Eccl.8:2-7, LB).
As servants of the Heavenly King, we must obey Him and His Torah as we have promised to do in our vows to Him. We promised to obey Him when we were born again and received the Ruach haRishon and we have promised many things to Him at each of the seven festivals. We have promised to get the leaven of sin out of our lives and received the Ruach haShanee; to bring Him our firstfruits and received the Ruach haShleshi. We have promised to obey His New Covenant Torah and indeed every Word that proceeds out of His mouth and received the Ruach haRevee. We have promised to repent of sin as we become aware of it, to strive for the fullness of the Kingdom and the First Resurrection. We have promised to be obedient in all things. And we don't know what's going to happen, do we? We don't know what's going to happen from one day to the next. He gives us assurances and promises, but they do not cover every single detail of our lives. We still basically walk by faith, not by knowledge, even though, as I have said before, He has given us adequate knowledge upon which to build an intelligent faith. Today at Yom Kippur we think about death, like Solomon counselled, and we ask ourselves soberly: are we ready for it? Where would we go if we died today? Would Yah'shua say to us:
"Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master's happiness!" (Matt.25:23, NIV).
Will a happy reward await us on the other side, or fear and tribulation that comes from the certain knowledge we are going to be cast into the fire of refinement or of punishment? All this time He has offered you the fire of refinement and purification precisely so that you can escape the fire of punishment, and all that has been required of you is that you trust Him and die to personal ambition and expectation. You and I don't know what's coming tomorrow but one thing I can pretty well guarantee is that your personal expectations will be far, far off the mark - and that inevitable only leads to disappointment which carries with it the risk of rebellion. For a disappointed man can go one of two ways - on his knees in contrition or on his feet in defiance. Solomon said:
"Finishing is better than starting! Patience is better than pride! Don't be quick-tempered - that is being a fool. Don't long for 'the good old days', for you don't know whether they were any better than these!" (Eccl.8:8-10, LB).
So I am going to ask you a very hard question now: what if you fail to enter into the Tabernacles endowment that we have been preparing for this year? Will you give up? Will you go back from where you came from? Or will you pick yourself up again in faith and work out your salvation for another year, laying more of your 'all' on the altar of sacrifice? For I guarantee what you think was your 'all' in likelihood was not. As we work out our salvation, we soon discover that we have held bits of our heart back from Him or our husbands and retained sovereignty over them. And although that can be quite depressing to realise if we have been zealous in our discipleship, nevertheless remember that it represents a new opportunity for change and betterment. It takes a whole life to attain to perfection, as long as Yahweh has allotted you. And Yahweh doesn't "punish sinners instantly" (Eccl.8:11, LB) but allows us to mature in our sin so we can see it more clearly. So many people come to me and say: "Ok, let's get those demons out!" as though all one has to do is press a button. But we have to see our sin issues first, and we can't see them until we are willing to see them. It's easy to say: "I want my demons gone!" but a totally different ball game when we say: "Ok, I want to see how those demons got in" and even tougher to say: "Ok, what do I have to do?" And when Yahweh shows you what you have to do, we often react in disbelief: "That's not possible! I have a good heart!!" We may think so, but Yahweh sees the hidden depths which we often don't. "The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?" (Jer.17:9, NIV) said Yahweh through Jeremiah. Do you understand it? Do you really know it? Be careful of the assumptions you make about your heart. I have met a lot of people who thought they had wonderful hearts and who reacted to criticisms of some of their heart-behaviour with great indignation. "We are all like an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are like filthy rags" (Isa.64:6, NKJV), said Isaiah.
How is it, then, that people convince themselves that they have good hearts and are full of righteousness when the opposite may be true? The problems begin when we start measuring and comparing. The purpose of Torah is to reveal our sin not to determine how 'righteous' or 'good' we are. Other people may say we are 'good' or 'righteous' but that's only their opinion - they may be right or wrong. And certainly people get this wrong more than they get it right, especially those who don't have the stewardship to do so. A proper attitude of spiritual humility does not worry about how 'good' or 'righteous' we are but on whether we are doing what we are supposed to be doing - whether we are obeying the King and our husbands and fathers or not. We can't decide on the basis of the wisdom we have acquired how 'good' we are - it isn't possible. Yes, we can rejoice if Yahweh says, "Well done!" We can feel good inside if a husband or a parent praises us because it is their responsibility to determine what is good for us as their custodians. That is their stewardship. They may not do it perfectly but that is Yahweh's order. But one thing we are not supposed to do is seek for the praises of the world or the judgements of those why have no authority over us. When we do that, then we commit spiritual adultery and murder, because we then give judgement to those whom Yahweh has not made earthy elohim over us. Then we have given authority to those who don't have it and take ourselves out of covering when we accept tuition from them.
This morning I told you about the dream of the fireplace and of the hidden idols. On the outside that hearth looked beautiful. It was white, clean, new, fresh and in every way pleasant. But inside it was a different story. Inside there was a different reality - in fact, the outside was illusion. Last Friday morning Yahweh showed me a vision of the person concerned and represented her as a white donkey with yellow-green eyes - with the eyes we see and judge, and this 'seeing' and 'judgement' was demonic. And of course a donkey represents stubbornness about which the scriptures have much to say.
You see, outside, in the realm of behaviour, people can act, pretend and deceive. But Yahweh exposes all that at Yom Kippur or earlier if we let Him. If you have tried to deliberately hide on Yom Kippur what Yahweh has revealed you, then He's going to drive you away from the Assembly of Messianic Israel one way of another.
"I also observed," said Solomon, "another piece of foolishness around the earth. This is the case of the man (or woman) who is quite alone ... yet he works hard to keep gaining ... It is all so pointless and depressing" (Eccl.4:7-8, LB). "It is better to be a live dog than a dead lion" (9:4). "Again I looked throughout the earth and saw that the swiftest person does not always win the race, nor the strongest man the battle, and that wise men are often poor, and skilful men are not necessarily famous" (9:11a). "The basic motive for success is the driving force of envy and jealousy! But this too is foolishness, chasing the wind" (4:4).
Don't seek pleasure, or popularity, or fame, or success, or 'getting', or 'willing' - it's all vanity, and it never works the way you think and hope it will. Those idols are dead-ends. Rather:
"Fear Elohim and obey His commandments, for this is the entire duty of man. For Elohim will judge us for everything we do, including every hidden thing, good or bad" (Eccl.12:14-14, LB).
The way of the world, even when it masks itself as Christianity, is the way of loneliness and death without 'resurrection'. Don't be foolish and remain alone inside or out. And there are many who have companions outside who are alone inside because they are connected to their demon-idols instead of to the living Elohim and to their spouses.
"Two can accomplish more than twice as much as one," observed Solomon, "for the results can be much better. If one falls, the other pulls him up; but if a man falls when he is alone, he's in trouble. Also, on a cold night, two under the same blanket gain warmth from each other, but how can one be warm alone? And one standing alone can be attacked and defeated, but two can stand back-to-back and conquer; three is even better, for a triple-braided cord is not easily broken" (Eccl.4:9-12, LB).
We must come to Yahweh and to our husbands without expectations and let them judge us! Let them show us righteousness and goodness, and not come with demands of what we expect. My heart at this hour echoes the writer of the epistle to the Hebrews who said:
"Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Yah'shua, by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, and having a High Priest over the house of Elohim, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful. And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works, not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching" (Heb 10:19-25, NKJV).
Well, this is that 'Day' and it has approached and arrived, as it does once a year. One Yom Teruah we may find ourselves standing in a Beit Din - a House of Judgement - before the King of kings who returned a few days before at Yom Teruah at the blasting of the shofar. We should view every Yom Kippur in this light, preparing ourselves for not just an annual judgement but one that lasts a thousand years and determines eternity. And should we die between now and next Yom Kippur, then that is precisely the kind of judgement we will face, because the annual judgements will be over:
"No one can hold back his spirit from departing", said Solomon; "no one has the power to prevent the day of his death, for there is no discharge from that obligation and that dark battle. Certainly a man's wickedness is not going to help him then" (Eccl.8:8, LB).
So why have you come here today? What exactly were you expecting? Have your expectations matched reality? Have you let go of the worldly and carnal craving to be 'recognised', 'seen', 'appreciated', 'thanked', 'praised' or 'rewarded'? Tom Kippur is not about these things. It's about death - death of self, surrender of expectations in the hope that Yahweh and your husbands will see you right. Yahweh will fulfil His obligations and keep His promises, and so will good husbands and parents:
"SEE THE WAY YAHWEH DOES THINGS AND FALL INTO LINE!" (Eccl.7:13a).
Trust your heavenly and earthly heads, do things the way they do things, and fall into line! Obey the Torah of Yahweh, obey the torah of your husbands and of your fathers. And do so with willing hearts and minds, nothing grudgingly or insincerely. Make your surrender total and complete so that the fire of purification can complete this work while the Ruach haSheshi is in abundance as we now go through the communal prayers of repentance and as you privately go through your own. Amen.
Neilah Service Conclusion
O Yahweh, Elohim of our fathers! Let our prayers come before You, through Yah'shua our Deliverer, and do not hide Yourself from our supplication. What shall we say to You who dwell on high? You know all things, both hidden and revealed. You search our hearts and thoughts. Nothing is hidden from Your sight. We are not so arrogant nor hardened to say, "We are righteous and have not sinned." For truly we have sinned. We have turned away from the good commandments (Mitzvot) You have given us. You are righteous and true in all Your ways, but we have done evil in Your sight. Thank You our Heavenly Father, and Elohim of our fathers, that You forgive all our sins, pardon all our iniquities, and grant atonement for all our transgressions through the blood of Yah'shua the Messiah.
For it is written: "If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness". 'Return O Israel to Yahweh-Elohim, for you have stumbled because of your iniquity. Take words with you and return to Yahweh. Say to Him, "Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously, that we may present the fruit of our lips."'
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by sinning wilfully, and for the sin we committed in ignorance.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by slander, and for the sin of gossip.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by neglecting our responsibilities, and for the sin of selfishness.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by indulging evil thoughts, and for the sin of lust.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by being lukewarm, and for the sin of not loving You with all our hearts and souls.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not hungering and thirsting for righteousness, and for the sin of not being poor in spirit.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not being merciful, and for the sin of withholding when we could have given.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by speaking foolish words, and for the sin of not controlling our tongues.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not loving our neighbours, and for the sin of not blessing our enemies.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not turning the other cheek, and for the sin of practising our righteousness before men.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by being proud, and for the sin of lack of zeal.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight knowingly, and for the sin we committed unknowingly. For all these, O Elohim of forgiveness, forgive us, pardon us, and grant us atonement in Yah'shua the Messiah.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not walking as Yah'shua walked, and for the sin of not being filled with Your Ruach.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by loving the world, and for the sin of loving the things in the world.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by putting other things before You, and for the sin of idolatry.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not praying at all times, and for the sin of not being thankful.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not being quick to forgive, and for the sin of holding resentments.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not going the second mile, and for the sin of impatience.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by not doing unto others as we would have them do unto us, and for the sin of greed.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by being anxious about the things of this life, and for the sin of not trusting You to provide for all of our needs.
- For the sin we committed in Your sight by setting our minds on the things below, and for the sin of not setting our minds on things above.
- For all these, O Elohim of forgiveness, forgive us, pardon us, and grant us atonement in Yah'shua the Messiah. Amen.
Shofar haGadol: Final blowing of the Trumpet signals closing of the Gates.
I hereby declare Yom Kippur at an end, in Yah'shua's Name. Amen!
|Glossary of MLT Hebraic, Greek and English Terms |
For other terms and full details please see the Micropedia
AGlossary Copyright ©2007 Mishpachah Lev-Tsiyon (MLT) - All Rights Reserved
Adon(ai) = Master, a pagan fertility god, Adonis; used by many Messianics but not MLT
(a)eon(ian) = 7 dispensation- or age-long time periods, not forever (see le-olam-va-ed)
Alef-Tav = Alpha-Omega, A-Z, first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet = Yah'shua
Amen = truly, let it be so, written Amein by some Messianics
Apocrypha = Hebraic Scriptures not a part of the Protestant canon (e.g. Baruch)
Anti-Messiah = Hebraic term for the end-time Antichrist or anyone opposed to the Messiah
antinomian = lawless Christian who disregards all or part of Torah/commandments
Ashkenazi Jew = East European Jew descended from the Turkic-Japhethite Khazars
Assembly = church, congregation, ekklesia, community, fellowship, koinonia, gathering
Azazel = the Yom Kippur scapegoat
Baal, Ba'al = any other master than Yahweh, usually demonic in MLT terminology
Bachor(im) = firstborn son(s)
Bar/Bat Mitzvah = Son/Daughter of Commandment, covenant to obey Torah at age 12
being = soul, the whole person (spirit and body), e.g. "my whole being"
Beit, bet, beth = house, e.g. Beit Yisrael (House of Israel), Beth Lechem (House of Bread)
Beit haMikdash = Yahweh's Temple in Yerushalayim
B'rit Chadashah = the New Covenant; B'rit Chadashah Scriptures = New Testament
B'rit Milah = circumcision - abolished in the B'rit Chadashah, replaced by Mikvah
canon = authoritative Scripture (Heb. qaneh, Gk. kanŰn = measuring instrument)
Catechumen = a serious, covenanted investigator seeking Mikvah or Baptism in MLT
Chag haMatzah = Feast of Unleavened Bread, second of the annual feasts of Yahweh
Chavurat Bekorot = MLT's Priesthood Order, Holy Order and Assembly of the Firstborn
Cohen = priest; Cohen Gadol = High Priest (also spelled Kohen)
Council of Yah's elohim = the heavenly Assembly of the Firstborn or Chavurat Bekorot
demon = fallen malek or angel in rebellion against Yahweh (Heb. shad; see l-Shaddai)
derech = the Way, Path or Road - Yah'shua and the Gospel are the Way
Drash = moral or homiletic interpretation of Scripture - see PaRDeS
Echad = One, Union of two or more in one (as opposed to Yachid) - see Elohim
Echad Godhead Doctrine = Father Yahweh, Son Yah'shua and Sevenfold Ruach (Mother)
Êl, Eloah, Elah = God the Father, Yahweh
Êl-Elyon = Most High God, Yahweh
Êl-Shaddai = Master/Lord over all shads or demons
Elohim = God, the Godhead (Father, Son & Holy Spirit), lit. 'Mighty One(s)', 'Ruler(s)'
elohim = Israelite judges, rulers, angels or gods (false deities, idols, demons)
emunah = faith, actively trusting, clinging or adhering to (especially Yahweh or Yah'shua)
emet = truth, Yah'shua is the Emet
Ephraimite = descendant of the patriarch Ephraim and head of Messsianic Israel
Feasts of Yahweh = the 7 annual Moedim (Pesach, Chag haMatzah, Yom haBikkurim, Shavu'ot, Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur and Sukkot)
Gan-Eden = Garden of Eden, Paradise and state of the purified heart in Messiah
goy(im) = nation(s), Israelites or gentiles not born in or converted to the Covenant
hallelu-Yah = praise Yah(weh)!
Heylel = proper name of Satan or haSatan = the Adversary, the devil
Sabbath = Yom Shabbat (Friday to Saturday sunset, add 1 day in IDL Zone)
Hochmah = Wisdom, title of the 7-fold Ruach haQodesh
IDL = International Date Line, false man-made time division in Pacific Ocean
IDL Zone = Area between the true Divine Date Line (Lake Van/Eden) and the false one
Israeli = citizen of the modern Edomite-Khazar Republic of Israel (not Biblical Israel)
Israelite = citizen of biblical state of Israel or a modern follower of the Messiah
Jew = post-biblical term describing descendants of Edomite and Khazar converts to Judaism
Johannine = pertaining to the Apostle Yochanan (e.g. Gospel of John)
Josephite = descendant of the patriarch Joseph, the head of Messianic Israel
Judahite = a person in direct descent from the patriarch Judah, forefather of the Messiah
Judaism = a Talmudic-based religion rejecting Yah'shua the Messiah
Judean = a citizen of the Kingdom or Province of Judah until the 2nd Century diaspora
Kadosh la Yahweh = set-apart or dedicated to Yahweh, 'Holiness to the Lord', MLT motto
Karaites = Jews (from 700 AD) who reject the Talmud and accept only the Tanakh
kashrut = keeping kosher, food laws of Yahweh and correspinding lifestyle
Ketuvim = Writings or Hagiographa of the Tanakh
Khazar = a Turkic convert to Judaism ~700 AD forming the Ashkenazi Jewish community
kosher = clean foods authorised by Yahweh for human consumption
Lashon Hara = evil-speaking, gossip or slander
legalism = false route to salvation through works (self-salvation)
le-olam-va-ed = dispensation- or age-long, aeonian, not eternal, forever or for eternity
Lev = heart, as in Lev-Tsiyon = heart of Zion
Lev-Tsiyon = Heart of the Fortress [of Yahweh], Hebrew name of MLT's founder
Master = Lord, Sir, Adon(ai) - (one in authority, a ruler - a king, husband, prophet, judge)
Malak(im) = Angel(s), heavenly supernatural messenger(s)
manna = wafers of honey, bread from heaven (lit. 'what is this?')
matzah = unleavened bread, see Chag haMatzah
Menorah = 7-armed candlearbra = the 7 annual Moedim and 7-fold Ruach haQodesh
Messiah = Christ; Anti-Messiah = Antichrist
Messianic Community = Body of Christ, sum total of all true believers; all true fellowships
Messianic Israel = all who worship Yahweh, trust in Yah'shua, obey Torah and overcome
Messianic Jew = Messianic convert from Judaism still clinging to Talmudic traditions
Midrash = aggadic interpretation of scripture vi‚ Drash, a scriptural discussion
Mikvah = baptism by immersion of convert into Yah'shua or of wife into husband
Mishpachah = family: nuclear, congregational, tribal or the whole of Messianic Israel
MLT = Mishpachah Lev-Tsiyon = family of the heart of the fortress [of Yahweh]
Mishpat = right-ruling or judgement
mitzvah/mitzvot = commandment(s)
moed(im) = appointment(s) of Yahweh, 7 Annual Feasts, Sabbath and Rosh Chodesh
Nefilim, Nephilim = giant offspring of materialised demons and human women
Nevi'im = prophetic writings of the Old Testament or Tanakh
New Birth = spiritual conversion in the Ruach haRishon, being 'born again' with new heart
Nidah = a woman's menstruation period during which no intercourse is permitted
Olive Branch = collection of revelations, prophecies and visions published by MLT
Paraclete = Comforter, Advocate (NEB), Counsellor, Ruach haQodesh (Gk. paraklÍtos)
PaRDeS = method of textual interpretation (homiletics) - see P'shat, Remez, Drash, Sod
Patriarch = a father who is head of his family, clan or tribe (lit. 'father-ruler')
Pentateuch = first five books of the Tanakh (Genesis-Deuteronomy), also called Torah
peribolaion = headcovering worn by daughters/wives in submission to fathers/husbands
Pesach = Passover, first of the annual feasts of Yahweh
Peshitta = an Aramaic version of the Bible
Prototrinitarianism = early, simplified MLT formulation of the Echad Godhead Doctrine
Prush(im) = Pharisee(s)
Pseudepigrapha = Non-canonical Hebrew writings additional to the Apocrypha
P'shat = literal, contextual, philological, exoteric, outer meaning of Scripture - see PaRDeS
Qadosh Qadoshim = Holy of Holies, most sacred set-apart room of the Beit haMikdash
Qodesh, Kodesh = set-apart, holy (see Ruach haQodesh)
Rabbi = Teacher, term used by Messianic Jews and some Messianic Israelites = Pastor
Refuge, the 12 Cities of = divinely protected MLT fortresses during the 7-year Tribulation
Remez = hint or allegorical level of Hebraic understanding of Scripture - see PaRDeS
Rosh Chodesh = monthly New Moon appointment of Yahweh
ruach = spirit of a person (lit.'breath')
Ruach Elohim = Spirit of God (the Spirit of the collective Godhead or Elohim)
Ruach haChamashee = 5th Ruach presides over Yom Teruah and Yom Chamashee
Ruach haQodesh = the Sevenfold Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost (lit. 'Set-Apart Breath')
Ruach haRevee = 4th Ruach presides over Shavu'ot, Yom Revee and Bar Mitzvah
Ruach haRishon = 1st Ruach presides over Pesach, Yom Rishon and the New Birth
Ruach haShanee = 2nd Ruach presides over Chag haMatzah and Yom Shanee
Ruach haSheshi = 6th Ruach presides over Yom Kippur and Yom Sheshi
Ruach haShleshi = 3rd Ruach presides over Yom haBikkurim, Yom Shleshi and Mikvah
Sabbath = Yom Shabbat (Friday to Saturday sunset, add 1 day in IDL Zone)
Satan = rebel archangel Heylel, father of lies, devil, chief demon (lit.'Adversary')
Sephardic Jew = West European Jew of mixed blood containing many Judahites
Septuagint = Greek translation of the Tanakh, LXX
Shegal haShabbat = 7th Ruach (Sabbath Queen) presides over Sukkot and Yom Shabbat
Shekinah = Divine Presence and Glory of Yahweh-Elohim
Set-apart = holy, sanctified, consecrated, dedicated, separated (to and by Yahweh)
Shabbat-Shabbaton = High Sabbath (e.g. Yom Kippur)
Shalom = heavenly peace, standard Hebraic greeting invoking Yahweh's peace
Shamash(im) = servant(s), deacon(s), attendant(s)
Shavu'ot = Pentecost or Weeks, fourth of the annual feasts of Yahweh
Sheol = grave or pit, euphamism for Hades or hell - also see Tartarus
shofar = ram's horn, blown during Yahweh's Moedim
simcha = joy, keynote of Sukkot
Sod = mystical, anagogic, inner or esoteric understanding of Scripture - see PaRDeS
Sukkot = Tabernacles or Booths, seventh of the annual feasts of Yahweh
Synagogue = Greek word used by Jews and Messianics (but not MLT) for a meeting house
talmid(a) = male/female disciple or student
Talmud = scriptures, teachings and commentaries belonging to non-Messianic Judaism
Tanakh = acronym for Old Testament Scriptures - Torah, Nevi'im & Ketuvim
Tartarus = place of imprisonment under the earth for rebellious angels and Nephilim
teshuvah = repentance, remorse and contrition leading back to Torah obedience
Torah = Yahweh's teachings or Law; New Covenant Torah includes Yah'shua's teachings
Tribulation, the Great = the final 7 years of the present aeon when Anti-Messiah rules
Trinity = Catholic Godhead formula - see Echad Godhead Doctrine and Prototrinitarianism
Tsiyon = Zion, a fortress, a name of Jerusalem and a prominent hill
Tzitzit/Tizitziyot = tassel(s) worn by men in remembrance of Torah
Universalism = salvation of all at the cosmic Yovel, with different rewards and punishments
Yachid = one, single person or item, as opposed to Echad (many in one, unity)
Yah'shua the Messiah = Jesus Christ (the Son)
Yahudah = Judah - see Judahite
Yahweh, Yah, YHWH = the true Name of our Heavenly Father, also carried by Yah'shua
Yahweh-Elohim = LORD God (the Father, Yahweh as Head of the Godhead or Elohim)
Yahweh haQatan = the sent Yahweh = Yah(weh)'shua, Malak of Yahweh's Presence
Yam Suf = Sea of Reeds, the true Israelite Exodus water crossing, not the Red Sea
Yarden = Jordan River (lit. 'meanderer')
Yerushalayim = Jerusalem
Yisrael = Israel (lit. 'ruling with l') = true believers under the New Covenant
Yom Chamashee = 5th day of the week (Thursday, Friday in IDL Zone)
Yom Din, Yom haDin = (the) Day of Judgement
Yom haBikkurim = Feast of Firstfruits, third of the annual feasts of Yahweh
Yom Revee = 4th day of the week (Wednesday, Thursday in IDL Zone)
Yom Rishon = 1st day of the week (Sunday, Monday in IDL Zone)
Yom Kippur = Day of Atonement, sixth of the annual feasts of Yahweh
Yom Shabbat = 7th day of the week and Sabbath Rest (Saturday, Sunday in IDL Zone)
Yom Shanee = 2nd day of the week (Monday, Tuesday in IDL Zone)
Yom Sheshi = 6th day of the week (Friday, Saturday in IDL Zone)
Yom Shleshi = 3rd day of the week (Tuesday, Wednesday in IDL Zone)
Yom Teruah = Day of Trumpets, fifth of the annual feasts of Yahweh
Yosef = Joseph - see Josephite
Yovel = Jubilee or Year of Jubilee
Zaqen(im) = elder(s) of an assembly or congregation, or senior members of a community
ZoŽ Life = Greek term for spiritual life in the Messiah
Commonly Used MLT Abbreviations
For additional abbreviations and explanations,
please see the Micropedia
Amp.V(er). = Amplified Version of the Bible
Aram. = Aramaic
AV = Authorised Version of the Bible - see KJV
BCAY = B'rit Chadashah Assembly of Yahweh - see NCCG
BoA = Books of Abraham (e.g. 1Abr., 2Abr., etc.)
cp, cf = compare with
CB(Q) = Chavurat Bekorot
CEV = Contemporary English Version of the Bible
ch. = chapter
CJB = Complete Jewish Bible
CLNT = Concordant Literal New Testament
CYe = Council of Yah's elohim
Eng. = English
ff. = and onwards/forwards
fn = footnote
Gk. = Greek
GNB = Good News Bible - see TEV
Heb. = Hebrew, Hebraic
HEM = Holy Echad Marriage, eternal marriage
HO = Holy Order - see Chavurat Bekorot
HOC = Holy Order Collection of revelations - see OB
HRV = Hebraic-Roots Version of the Bible
ibid. = ibidem (lit. 'in the same place'), referring to a book previously cited
ICJC = Independent Church of Jesus Christ, earlier name of NCCF
ISRV = Institute for Scripture Research Version of the Bible
JB = Jerusalem Bible
JBP/Phillips = J.B.Phillips translation of the New Testament
JNT = Jewish New Testament
KJV = King James Version of the Bible - see AV
LB = Living Bible
lit. = literally or literature
LXX = Septuagint, Greek translation of the OT
MLT = Mishpachah Lev-Tsiyon
Moff. = Moffatt translation of the Bible
MRC = Messianic Renewed Covenant Version of the NT
MS(S) = Manuscript(s)
NASB, NASV = New American Standard Bible/Version
NC&C = New Covenants & Commandments - see OB
NCCF = New Covenant Christian Fellowship, earlier name of NCCG
NCCG = New Covenant Church of God, earlier name of MLT - see BCAY
NCP = New Covenant Press, publishing arm of MLT
NCW = New Covenant Witness, MLT magazine
NEB = New English Bible
NIV = New International Version of the Bible
NKJV = New King James Version of the Bible
Nor. = Norwegian
NT = New Testament, B'rit Chadashah
NWT = New World Translation of the Bible, unreliable Jehovah's Witness version
OB = Olive Branch - see NC&C
op.cit. = opere citato (lit. in the work cited)
OT = Old Testament, Tanakh
p(p). = page(s)
pl. = plural - see s.
PWNC = Prophetic Words of the New Covenant, revelation cataloging system - see OB
QED = quod erat demonstrandum (lit. which was shown to be proved)
RCF = Restoration Christian Fellowship, earlier name of ICJC
RhQ = Ruach haQodesh, Holy Spirit
RSTNE = Restoration Scriptures True Name Edition of the Bible
RSV = Revised Standard Version of the Bible
RV = Revised Version of the Bible
s. = singular - see pl.
S&G = Smith & Goodspeed Version of the Bible
TEV = Today's English Version of the Bible - see GNB
Vulg. = Biblia Vulgata, Latin Vulgate translation of the Bible
WEB = World English Bible
This page was first created on 18 March 2007
Last updated on 18 March 2007
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